Flower Analyses

This flower was found at Firestone Metro Park.

Common name: Dame’s Violet, Queen’s Gilliflower, and Mother-of the Evening are a few common names Scientific name: Hesperis matronalis.

Corolla:  number of petals = 4 separate

Calyx:    number of sepals = 4 separate

Androecium: number of stamens = separate, and tetradidynamous with 4 long and 2 short stamens.

Gynoecium type: Syncarpous, consisting of 2 fused carpels.

Flower type/ovary position: Epigynous

Flower symmetry: Actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: The flowers are often confused with phlox, particularly Garden Phlox. However, flower and leaf type can identify that this invasive weed has 4 petals instead of 5 and has alternating leaves.

This flower was found at Firestone Metro Park.

Common name: Tatarian Honeysuckle Scientific name: Lonicera tatarica.

Corolla:  number of petals = 5 fused

Calyx:    number of sepals = fused

Androecium: number of stamens = separate

Gynoecium type: Syncarpous, consisting of 3 fused carpels.

Flower type/ovary position: Epigynous

Flower symmetry: Zygomorphic (irregular)

Additional distinctive features: Tatarian honeysuckle is known to be very invasive to North America and can be identified by their sweet smell when flowering and their pink-ish white color.

This flower was found at Firestone Metro Park.

Common name: Sweet Violet Scientific name: Viola odorata.

Corolla:  number of petals = 5 separate.

Calyx:    number of sepals = separate.

Androecium: number of stamens = separate 

Gynoecium type: Unicarpellate, consisting of 1 carpel.

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous.

Flower symmetry: Zygomorphic (irregular).

Additional distinctive features: Sweet violet thrives on mossy and shady lawns are are highly regarded as one of the best of most flowers in terms fragrant smell.

This flower was found at Firestone Metro Park.

Common name: Yellow iris or Water flag Scientific name: Iris pseudacorus.

Corolla:  number of petals separate or  fusedfused

Calyx:    number of sepals 3  separate or fused? fused

Androecium: number of stamens separate, fused or arranged in any special way? 

separate, and attached between the petals and the pistil, in a whorl around the pistil.

Gynoecium type: Apocarpous, consisting of 3 carpels. Three separate pistils. Most features of the plant are formed in 3.

Flower type/ovary position: Epigynous

Flower symmetry: Zygomorphic (irregular).

Additional distinctive features: Yellow iris have a common habitat in rich muddy and swampy environments, where the plant and flower shoots up from a long stalk. They are also commonly used in coats-of-arms.

This flower was found at Firestone Metro Park.

Common name: Tufted-Forget-Me-Not Scientific name: Myosotis laxa.

Corolla:  number of petals = 5 fused

Calyx:    number of sepals = 5 fused

Androecium: number of stamens = 5 fused,

Gynoecium type: Syncarpous, consisting of 2 fused carpels. Hard to examine, cross section required to see two carpels.

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous

Flower symmetry: Actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: This particular Forget-Me-Not is heterostyly, and rather renowned as the “small forget-me-not,” considering how small the flowers are.

This flower was found at Firestone Metro Park.

Common name: Ground-ivy, Catsfoot Scientific name: Glechoma lamiaceae.

Corolla:  number of petals =  5 fused

Calyx:    number of sepals = 5 fused

Androecium: number of stamens = separate, epipetalous with 2 small and two long stamens.

Gynoecium type: Syncarpous, consisting of 2 fused carpels. Deep funnel and ridged flower trunk.

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogenous

Flower symmetry: Zygomorphic (irregular)

Additional distinctive features: Ground-ivy can be used in the making of beers and wines, but it is also considered evergreen as the leaves remain green under snow and the plant flowers bright purple in early Spring.

This flower was found at Firestone Metro Park.

Common name: White Clover Scientific name: Trifolium repens.

Corolla:  number of petals = separate

Calyx:    number of sepals = 4 separate

Androecium: number of stamens = 10 separate 

Gynoecium type: Unicarpellate, consisting of 1 fused carpel. Noticeable simple in terms of gynoecium.

Flower type/ovary position: Perigynous

Flower symmetry: Zygomorphic (irregular)

Additional distinctive features: As the name suggests, this particular species of clover is white and is commonly found in open fields. They are fragrant, and like all clovers, have three iconic leaves.

This flower was found at Firestone Metro Park.

Common name: Common Columbine Scientific name: Aquilegia vulgaris.

Corolla:  number of petals = 5 separate

Calyx:    number of sepals = 5 separate

Androecium: number of stamens = 10 separate, in a whorl around the pistil.

Gynoecium type: Apocarpous, consisting of 5  separate carpels. There are multiple pistils 

Flower type/ovary position: Epigynous

Flower symmetry: Actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: Common Columbine is most commonly an ornamental European flower, known to droop down and often referenced to elegant long-necked birds.