For our second field trip we visited three places with slightly different environments; a marsh, prairie, and a “bog”.

The first place that we visited was a marsh along Darby Creek Drive. A marsh is a piece of land that which has lower elevation than the area surrounding. This causes water to drain into the area and the soil is typically waterlogged, except in cases of drought. The plants found in this area grow in soil that is always saturated. One of the plants that we observed is Woolgrass, as seen below.

The next area that we went to was a prairie. A prairie is can have a variety of soil and locates as long as there is mostly grasses, small shrubs, and flowers. However, there are little to no woody plants. One of the plants that was observed that this area was the common daisy, as seen below.

The last place that our class went to was Cedar Bog. A bog an area of acidic water with low nutrients, which accumulates peat. Peat is died plant material and at the site there was about 10 feet of it. The water stays on the surface and goes into the groundwater slowly. The site was actually a Fen which is similar to a bog but groundwater comes to the surface so the ground is always structured. Each of these wetland types house many rare and endangered species since about 90% of Ohio wetlands have been destroyed. Since the site was is called Cedar Bog, the white and red Cedar trees were very common. There were more rare plant species which are still being found. One of the plants that our class observed was the alsike clover, which is part the Fabaceae family.

In the prairie part of Cedar Bog I was tasked with finding two species.

Parnassia glauca

Grass of Parnassian

Sphagum Moss